History of Iceland
The history of Icleand can very roughly be devided into 4 periods.
Settlement of Icleand by vikings and the writings of the Icelandic Saga Age.
Iceland under the rule of Norway and Denmark.
Icelandic struggle for Independence.
Modern Iceland from the end of WWII to today.
Iceland was settled by Norwegian vikings during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D. bringing with them the history of the viking gods, their legends and myths which were written down and preserved in the 12th centuries. Iceland was independent for over 300 years, but was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark untill the struggle for independence was rewarded in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008.
These are of course simple teasers of the historical information you can find on Randburg. Here you will find a comprehensive list of articles which cover Icelands history from settlement to modern day.
Considering the northerly location of Iceland, its climate is much milder than might be expected, especially in winter.
Geologically speaking, Iceland is a very young country; its creation began less than 20 million years ago and is still progressing today. Iceland’s wildlife reflects the youth of the country. There are relatively few insect species and only a handful of wild mammal
Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island's population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US.
The Icelandic history starts eleven hundred years ago when the Vikings settled the island. The Icelandic nation has survived the harsh sub-arctic climate and has today become one of the most modern societies in the world.
Situated on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Iceland is a hot spot of volcanic and geothermal activity: 30 post-glacial volcanoes have erupted in the past two centuries. Over the past 500 years, Iceland's volcanoes have erupted a third of the total global lava output.
Large parts of Iceland and the oceans around it have remained relatively untouched science the Viking age settlement. The environment is harsh and unforgiving and the struggle to survive is quite hard but there are not many natural predators in Iceland, the largest being the Arctic Fox. This has created the perfect environment for birdlife to thrive in.