The land of Iceland
When you look at a globe or a map of the world Iceland is situated in northern Europe just below the arctic circle. Iceland is the island beside the frozen glacier that is Greenland right at the confluence of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. It is about 860 kn or 534 miles northwest of Scotland. Icelands terrain consists mostly of a large uninhabited plateau interspersed with mountain peaks, icefields; coast deeply indented by bays and fiords which provide some of the best whale watching waters in the world.
Iceland is about 103.000 square km or 39.770 square miles with a coastline that is 4.988 km long or 3.100 miles. More land is covered by glaciers in Iceland than in all of continental Europe, and only a small 0.07% of Iceland is arable land. This means that tourists can catch a glimpse of some of the most magnificent sights during their holiday in Iceland. Because the center of Iceland is uninhabitable it is one of the world's most sparesley populated countries and its small towns and villages are scattered along Icelands beautiful coastline.
Icelands is of some strategic importance due to its location between Greenland and Europe. It is the westernmost European
country and the capital city of Iceland, Reykjavik, is the northernmost national capital in the world.
There are many beautiful beaches in Iceland.
Because the coastline is so varied and sometimes the beaches lie close to towns and villages while in other places these are gems you may happen uppoin while driving on the road in Iceland.
Most of the beaches in Iceland are madr from black sand, making for amazing sights and striking contrasts to the blue sky and green grass around them.
Given the range of geography in Iceland there are many places in Iceland that people wouldn’t think to explore. The Fjords in Iceland are among those places. The Icelandic fjords carry a mystery beyond the typical Icelandic landmarks that one has to see for themselves.
Hvannadalshnjukur, the highest peak in Icleand, stands at 2110 meters (6900 feet). Located in the southeast of Iceland on the north-western rim of the Oraefajokull volcano, the peak is part of Vatnajokull National Park.
From its magnificent sources in the glacier lake known in Icelandic as 'the white river lake' or Hvitarvatn the glacier river Hvita flows from Langjokull glacier high up in the highlands of Iceland and makes its way through the Icelandic nature swaying in curves and dropping in stunning waterfalls from far up in the hills and down into the lowlands where it has cut it's way to the sea.
Thjorsa, Iceland’s longest river, sources from the icelandic glacier Hofsjokull.
At 230 km (143 mi), it flows out through narrow gorges in the highlands of Iceland. Before it enters the lowlands, it meets the Tungnaa River before passing the valley of Thjorsardalur.
The Nordura River or the ‘Northern river’ runs through the Borgarfjordur region in the central west of Iceland. The region is home to some of the most stunning scenery in Iceland with everything from flat grassy fields to high mountains which make for some excellent day hikes. It has many beautiful waterfalls, valleys, inactive volcanoes, volcanic fields, forests and lakes. These hidden pearls of Borgarfjordur are easily accessible from the main road the Ring road or highway nr 1 which runs right through it and there are easy to follow signs to help guide you along.
One of the most beautiful places to visit in South Iceland is an Icelandic beach called Reynisfjara. Nestled away near the town of Vik, you’ll find a black sand and pebble beach intertwined with caves and pyramid structures that’ll leave any guest in awe.
There are many fascinating and incredible rivers in Iceland that are well worth seeing on your trip to Iceland. In fact no vacation in Iceland is complete until you have witnessed the awesome power of at least one major river in Iceland. The rivers of Iceland run through some of the most spectacular scenic landscapes you will come across and the waterfalls hidden in Icelandic nature are like nothing else.