Interesting facts about Iceland
There are so many interesting and fun facts about Iceland it is hard to know where to begin.
Icelanders did not fight a bloody war for their independence from Denmark in 1944 but that does not mean that the cry for self rule and autounomy was a quiet one. Icelanders are extremely proud of their independence and the flag is a testemony to that pride. The Icelandic flag is blue with a red cross outlined in white extending to the edges of the
flag; The symbology of the flag outlines the history and uniquness of Icleand. The vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side in the style of the Danish flag the Dannebrog to honour the past and celebrate the success of indipendence. The colors themselves, red white and blue represent three of the elements that make Iceland as beautiful and unique as it is. Red is for the island's volcanic fires, the forces that shape the country but simoultainiously give it its warmth. White recalls the snow, pure and beautiful, it symbolises the ice fields of Iceland, the Glaciers and the cold winters that cover the island like a blanket every year and it is also an echo of the island name Icleand. Finally the blue represents the the surrounding ocean, the bread box of the Icleandic nation, the life source of Icelanders throughout the centuries.
This is but one example of the many interesting facts about Icleand you will find here, and there are many more. Icleanders celebrate Christmas like no other nation does, there are 13 santa clauses born of trolls and the stuff of legend, the New years eve is blown away with color and noise and bonfires and family dinners. And the summer is the time to travel and party. Icelanders also have a rich folklore heratage with hundreds of tales about elves and trolls and other creatures of the land. Some of these stories are as alive today as they were centuries ago although you would be hard pressed to find an Icelander who would admit it.
Here you will find a treasure trove of interesting facts about Icleand and its people.
Hvannadalshnjukur is the tallest mountain in Iceland, 2119 m, Vatnajokull is the largest glacier, 8300 km2, Þjorsa the longest river, 230 km.
Iceland is an island of 103.000 km2 (39,756 sq.miles), with an average height of 500 m above sea level. Its highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur, rises to 2.119 m and over 11 per cent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe.
When traveling in Iceland you need to be aware of the ever changing weather conditions in Iceland. Iceland weather is typically better than the geological location would imply but there are many things to consider about the weather in Iceland.
Iceland's Scandinavian-type social-market economy combines a capitalist structure and free-market principles with an extensive welfare system. The economy is heavily dependent upon fishing. Despite effort to diversify, particularly into the travel industry, seafood exports continue to account for nearly three-quarters of merchandise exports and approximately half of all foreign exchange earnings.
Icelandic is the national language and is believed to have changed very little from the original tongue spoken by the Norse settlers.
The population of Iceland is about 306,000, growing at the rate of 0,74% per year. About 20,7% of people are under 20 years old, and life expectancy is 80,7 years. Most Icelanders (81%) belong to the National Lutheran Church of Iceland.